What is Abutment in Dental Implant?

dental implant abutments have revolutionized modern dentistry, offering a permanent solution for replacing missing teeth. A key component of a dental implant is the abutment. This article will delve into what an abutment is, its role in dental implants, and why it is essential for successful dental implant procedures. If you are considering dental implant services, knowing about abutments will give you a clearer understanding of the process involved. For those seeking the best dental implant services in Mohali, Esthetica Dental Chandigarh stands out as a premier provider, ensuring top-quality care and expertise.

Understanding Dental Implants

A dental implant typically consists of three main parts: the implant post, the abutment, and the prosthetic tooth (crown). The implant post is a titanium screw that is surgically placed into the jawbone, serving as the root of the artificial tooth. Over time, this post fuses with the jawbone in a process called osseointegration, providing a stable and durable foundation.

What is an Abutment?

The abutment is a connector that is placed on top of the implant post after it has integrated with the jawbone. It acts as a link between the implant post and the prosthetic tooth. Abutments can be made from various materials, including titanium, zirconia, or gold, chosen based on factors such as biocompatibility, strength, and aesthetic requirements.

Role of the Abutment

The abutment serves several crucial functions in the dental implant abutments process:

  1. Support and Stability: The abutment provides the necessary support for the prosthetic tooth, ensuring it stays securely in place. It also helps distribute the forces exerted during chewing and biting evenly across the implant.

  2. Alignment and Angulation: Abutments can be custom-made to achieve the correct alignment and angulation of the prosthetic tooth. This customization ensures that the artificial tooth looks natural and fits seamlessly with the surrounding teeth.

  3. Esthetics: For front teeth, zirconia abutments are often used due to their tooth-colored appearance, enhancing the overall esthetics of the dental restoration.

Types of Abutments

There are several types of abutments, each designed for specific purposes:

  1. Standard Abutments: These are pre-manufactured abutments available in various sizes and shapes. They are typically used in straightforward cases where the alignment and angulation of the implant post and prosthetic tooth are standard.

  2. Custom Abutments: As the name suggests, these abutments are custom-made to fit the patient’s specific needs. They are designed using digital impressions of the patient’s mouth, ensuring a perfect fit and optimal esthetics.

  3. Angled Abutments: These are used in cases where the implant post is placed at an angle due to anatomical constraints or to achieve better alignment with the prosthetic tooth.

The Abutment Placement Process

The abutment placement process involves several steps:

  1. Healing Period: After the implant post is placed, a healing period of several months is necessary to allow osseointegration to occur.

  2. Abutment Placement: Once the implant post has fused with the jawbone, a minor surgical procedure is performed to expose the implant and attach the abutment. The gums are then allowed to heal around the abutment.

  3. Impression Taking: An impression of the abutment is taken to create the custom prosthetic tooth.

  4. Crown Placement: Finally, the custom-made crown is attached to the abutment, completing the dental implant restoration.

Choosing the Best Dental Implant Services in Mohali

For those seeking dental implant services, choosing a reputable clinic with experienced professionals is crucial. Esthetica Dental Chandigarh offers the best dental implant services in Mohali, combining advanced technology with a patient-centric approach. Our team of skilled dentists and specialists ensure that each step of the implant process, including the selection and placement of the abutment, is performed with precision and care.


The abutment plays a vital role in the success of a dental implant, providing the necessary support and alignment for the prosthetic tooth. Understanding the function and types of abutments can help patients make informed decisions about their dental implant treatment. If you are considering a dental implant in Mohali, Esthetica Dental Chandigarh is dedicated to providing top-quality care, ensuring successful and aesthetically pleasing results.

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